The Army Medical Department recruited for another new clinical specialty from the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine: psychiatry. Along with infectious diseases and trauma from wounds, modern warfare created a significant problem of debilitating nervous and mental disorders among soldiers. Alarmed, American military and medical professionals turned to the country’s budding field of modern psychiatry. One of the country’s few leading centers in research and treatment at the time of the US entry was the Phipps Psychiatric Clinic here at Hopkins. Click on these items to explore some of the ways in which the war reshaped the civilian clinic into an early center for military psychiatry.