The American media landscape looked very different in the 1910s than it does today. While images did not reach a global audience in seconds as they do in our digital era, the limited means of media consumption meant that there was uniformity to the messages Americans encountered via posters, advertisements, radio, newsreels, magazines, and newspapers. Students, faculty, and staff at Johns Hopkins undoubtedly saw and heard news of the war and messages from the government on a daily basis. At the same time, however, other groups distributed messages that countered the prevailing narrative.

Here we explore some of the dominant and alternative visual representations of the war that the Hopkins community encountered in their daily lives.